Since the 1980s, Rudolf Stingel (b. 1956, Merano, Italy) has reflected on the conceptual foundations of painting, producing abstract and photorealist works on canvas and using non-traditional materials such as carpet, Celotex, and styrofoam to create immersive and participatory works. Stingel has been the subject of one-person exhibitions at the Foundation Beyeler (2019); Palazzo Grassi, Venice (2013); Secession, Vienna (2012); LIVE at the Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin (2010); and a major retrospective at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago and the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (2007). Other significant one-person exhibitions include those at the Museum für Moderne Kunst, Frankfurt (2004) and the Museo d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Trento (2001). Stingel’s work was included in the 2003, 1999, and 1993 Venice Biennales. The artist lives and works in New York City.